Children Dentistry-Paedodontology

Dental Prophylaxis

Prophylaxis is the science and practice of preventing the onset of diseases of the teeth and adjoining mouth tissues. It involves removing bacterial plaque, food debris, stains, and calculus from the crowns and roots with hand scaling or ultrasonic scaling instruments and hand or electric polishers, fluoridation.

Pregnancy Consultation

Preventive medicine strategies are typically described as taking place at the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary prevention levels. In addition, the term primal prevention has been used to describe all measures taken to ensure fetal well-being and prevent any long-term health consequences from gestational history and/or disease. The rationale for such efforts is the evidence demonstrating the link between fetal well-being, or "primal health," and adult health. Primal prevention strategies typically focus on providing future parents with: education regarding the consequences of epigenetic influences on their child, sufficient leave time for both parents.

Nutrition and Habit Consultation

Simple examples of preventive medicine include hand washing, breastfeeding, and immunizations, the use of Fluor medicaments or pills, foods and beverages appropriate for small children etc.

Filling treatments

A dental restoration or dental filling is a dental restorative material used to restore the function, integrity and morphology of missing tooth structure. The structural loss typically results from caries or external trauma. It is also lost intentionally during tooth preparation to improve the aesthetics or the physical integrity of the intended restorative material. Dental sealants are thin plastic coatings that are applied to the grooves on
the chewing surfaces of the back teeth to protect them from tooth decay. Most tooth decay in children and teens occurs on these surfaces. Sealants
protect the chewing surfaces from tooth decay by keeping germs and food particles out of these grooves.

Fluoridation Treatments

Fluoride therapy is the delivery of fluoride to the teeth topically or systemically in order to prevent tooth decay (dental caries) which results in cavities. Most commonly, fluoride is applied topically to the teeth using gels, varnishes, toothpaste/dentifrices or mouth rinse. Systemic delivery involves fluoride supplementation using water, salt, tablets or drops which are swallowed. Tablets or drops are rarely used where public water supplies are fluoridated.

Treatments in Anaesthesia

It is sometimes necessary to complete dental treatment on children using general anesthesia. This is especially true when the child is very young and has a large amount of treatment. We also use general anesthesia for older patients who have a hard time cooperating in the normal dental setting. We do not do this on a whim. Often, treatment is first attempted in an office setting with or without sedative medications. However, if there is a lot of work to be done, the hospital is often the best way to safely accomplish treatment. Anesthesia is defined as the loss of feeling or sensation with or without a loss of consciousness. In reality, anesthesia does more. In addition to keeping your child pain free during surgery, anesthesia controls the body’s reaction to stress and relieves the fear and anxiety almost always associated with surgery.


Dental trauma refers to trauma to the face, mouth, and especially the teeth, lips and periodontium.

  • Tooth fractures
  • Enamel infraction
  • Enamel fracture
  • Enamel-dentine fracture
  • Complex fracture of tooth
  • Root fracture of tooth
  • Injuries of the periodontal apparatus
  • Subluxation of the tooth
  • Luxation of the tooth
  • Intrusion of the tooth
  • Avulsion of the tooth
  • Soft tissue laceration, most commonly the lips and the gingiva.